Romania – a mysterious, ambitious country
Romania’s with its capital Bucharest is predominantly a mountainous country that lies between central and southeast europe. An exception is Bucharest, which lies south of Wallachia in the valley of the Danube. The romanian painter Nicolae Ion Girorescu banished the rural life in the Great Wallachia masterfully on canvas. The country on the Black Sea, which many take to the legend of Count Dracula in combination, has a multifaceted nature and culture. Since 1 January 2007, Romania is a member of the European Union (EU) and aims to develop in line with the West. The holiday opportunities in Romania range from swimming in the Black Sea, a cultural trip with a city tour in Bucharest to mountain hiking and mountain biking in the Carpathians. Perhaps the visitor encounters the Romanian pan flute music by Gheorge Zamfir, known also as film music.
Romania (Romania) – The Romans knew the Black Sea coast
Many ethnic groups influenced Romania. The country name Romania comes from the time when the Romans came across the Black Sea. They gave this region the latin name Romania (shorthand for the Roman Empire). Many different nations, as for example the Hungarians, Turks, Slavs and Austrians and Swiss have contributed to the cultural diversity of Romania. The historical past and the elements of different ethnic groups now account for the attraction of Romania. The different landscapes with its castles and vineyards, the mountains of Transylvania and the capital Bucharest are the target of a growing number of tourists, travelling on their own. Package tourists prefer the coastal region on the Black Sea.
Dark history and a brighter future
During the period of socialism under the dictator Ceausescu, Romania was in a rather dark era. It was the time to suffer for the Romanians under oppression and their existing architecture was replaced by socialist (Monumental) Buildings. This led to the 1989 revolution, during which Romania is freed by a quick execution of the dictator Ceausescu. Since then, Romania has approached more and more to the West.
The Black Sea and the Danube Valley – The much praised Black Sea coast
Besides the beautiful scenery, the Black Sea offers the peculiarity, that there hardly tides occur and therefore a relatively safe swimming is possible. A highlight for tourists is also the over 245 kilometer-long Black Sea coast, the national language calls the coast “The Dobrudja”. Beside the Dobrudja is the Danube Delta, which is a fascinating nature reserve and one can find many rare bird species. This natural landscape with its lakes, islands, forests, and sand dunes is a UNESCO world heritage site. Besides a wealth of natural beauty, this region in the south of Romania is also an area with many attractive bathing sites and spas. Many visitors come there to enjoy the colourful night life or take the day to perform the various sporting leisure facilities. The suburb Mamaia in the north of the port city Constanta on the Black Sea invites with its long, (over seven miles) fine sandy beach for swimming. Mamaia is the most renowned seaside resort on the Romanian Black It has a touch of french charm. On the touristy beach, where there is a family friendly atmosphere, are numerous charming hotels.
Health and Recreation in Romania
Numerous bathing and (air) villages owe their existence to the numerous bubbling springs and mineral springs. Popular is the bath Hercules in the southwest with its mild, mediterranean influenced climate. The bath Sovata is located in Transylvania, at the saline Bear Lake, which prevails in a water depth of up to 60 degrees Celsius. The health and wellness resort of Sovata lies in a valley among the original Carpathians. The salt of the Bear Lake has an antibacterial and anti-inflammatory character. A beneficial effect should also possess the healing mud from the lake, it should help against rheumatism, joint pains and skin irritations. Fascinating for swimmers is the floating in the water, caused by the high salinity of the Bear Lake.
Arrival and Travel
Romania has a good transport infrastructure. International express trains (such as Orient Express) travel from central europe via hungary to Romania. From the cities Budapest, Prague, Belgrade and Moscow, direct trains run to Bucharest to the central station “Gara de Nord”. From the major airport of Bucharest it is easy and inexpensive to fly to many european capitals. There is also an airport in Otopeni and Constanta. The infrastructure of transport is also excellent and the ride on the subway is very inexpensive. Even a motorcycle trip can be an exciting option.
The best time to go for a holiday – depending on the project
Each season offers something special in Romania. The statement, that the months from may to september are the ideal time, should be differentiated. For a beach holiday on the Black Sea are the months of June to September recommended. Summer temperatures are pleasant by the cooling sea breeze. If you like to do sightseeing tours through the country or if you want to explore Bucharest, you should choose the spring or autumn. This is also the best time for hiking and mountain climbing in the largely untouched Carpathians. For fans of winter sports is the suitable time from christmas until march.
The capital, Bucharest – old charm and modern life
Romania and Bucharest will be taken by the guests slowly. Even the Americans are impressed by Bucharest. The old town suffered architecturally by the regime of Ceausescu, which can be identified by the oversized “Centu Civic” in the socialist style. Towards the end of the 19th Century, french architects did a lot of embellishments, to bring back the old charm of Bucharest. From this period exists the “Sosaua Kischeff”, an elegant shopping street with a triumphal arch. There were also large parks, magnificent buildings and what tourists are particularly like, many coffee houses, too.
Transylvania (Transylvania) – “the home of Dracula”
Spooky has gained notoriety in the area north of Romania, bordering Ukraine, by the legend of Count Dracula. There is the imposing Bran Castle, legendary home of Dracula. The dark stories meet there on a green hill country with hospitable people. The subsequent Transylvanian Alps provide a stunning backdrop for a sporty mountain biking through the deserted South West Carpathians. The reward for the effort are beautiful valleys and ridges and wild ravines. On the ride churches and holiday castles are passing by. You will see a lot of towns with a medieval flair and small mountain villages. Although this region is only 400 kilometers from Austria, the Carpathians seem like another world of unknown beauty. The peaks of the Carpathian Mountains are over 2500 meters high and in europe’s largest forest strips you still meet occasionally bears and wolves. Bucegi and Predeal are ski areas, that have preserved their originality.
Romania surprises with many attractions
Behind the Carpathian begins the Moldavia with its famous moldavian monasteries in its typical painting. Also worth seeing are the wooden churches in Maramures. One of the most beautiful medieval towns include, for example Sibiu, Sighisoara and Brasov and Timisoara with its buildings in the baroque style. In the mountains of Oraste stands the fortress Dacians, which makes the hearts of modern knights and maidens beating faster. Romania offers its guests include a wide range of accommodation, the elegant (Spa) hotels, apartments and a country surrounded by forest block houses. From Romania should not only know Mr. Tiriac, the former manager of the tennis star Boris Becker.